ISAC is one of the biggest Italian research center, within the National Research Council (CNR). The research developed by ISAC is mainly in the field of atmospheric physics, in synergy with other disciplines, such as chemistry, earth sciences and biology. Technologies and methodologies aimed at monitoring the interaction between atmosphere and materials are developed in order to investigate the impact that climate, microclimate and pollution produce on historical buildings and objects, both indoor and outdoor, and to identify sustainable solution for the preventive conservation and better management of Cultural Heritage, taking also into account the comfort and IAQ assets.

As Project Coordinator, CNR-ISAC's main activity is devoted to oversee the development of the project as a whole, to coordinate Partners' work, to assure the achievements of the planned objectives, to interact with the Commission and to perform all the other activities required for the management of the project.

Concerning the scientific activity, CNR-ISAC is Leader of Task 1.3 "Identification and prioritization of the main parameters linked to climate change for the definition of methodologies to assess long-term behavior of the treatment", Leader of WP4 "Compatibility and performance evaluation of nano-structured materials in field" and within WP4 Leader of Task 4.1 "Assessment of the state of damage of the historic materials on site".

Within Task 1.3 the main environmental parameters involved in the decay of the materials selected in the Project and linked with climate change have been identified (rain, relative humidity, temperature, wind and solar radiation) for the definition of methodologies to assess the long-term behavior of consolidation treatments.   

Within Task 4.1, CNR-ISAC strongly contributed  to the study of the main damage processes affecting the historic stone materials of the 4 selected sites: S. Croce Basilica, Florence, Italy; Cologne Cathedral, Germany; Oviedo Cathedral, Spain; Stavropoleos  Monastery, Bucharest, Romania.

Non invasive and micro-invasive measurements have been performed (Optical Microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-ray Diffraction, Ion Chromatography, Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry) on historical samples of 4 types of stone (Carrara marble, Savonnieres limestone, Laspra Dolostone, Albesti limestone) to reliably identify the physical and chemical conditions of the substrates where to perform the treatment with the new products developed within NANOMATCH project.

As WP4 Leader, CNR-ISAC has a key role in the organization and management of the field tests of the nano-structured materials in the 4 sites mentioned. The new products developed within WP2 and tested in laboratory within WP3 have been applied on model samples and historical substrates of the 4 materials studied within the project (stone, stone-like, wood and glass). The samples have been analyzed before and after treatment, and CNR-ISAC activity was again mainly focused on stone.

The model samples and the historical substrates have been exposed indoors and outdoors in selected locations at the 4 sites. The main climatic and microclimatic parameters, identified and prioritized by CNR-ISAC within Task 1.3, are being monitored close to the samples  in order to evaluate the impact of the environment on the durability of the new products, in comparison with the commercial one, taking also into account the undergoing changes of climate and pollutants in the near future.
Other analyses on the samples are planned after one year exposure for the final evaluation of the performance of the new product.

Subprogramme Area: Development of advanced compatible materials and techniques and their application for the protection, conservation and restoration of cultural heritage assets
Contract type: SP1-Cooperation. Collaborative project. Small or medium-scale focused research project. FP7-ENV-NMP.2011.3.2.1-1
Grant Agreement No. 283182
Duration: November 2011 - October 2014




Dr. Adriana Bernardi

Head of Padova Unit Institute of Atmospheric Science and Climate National Research Council (CNR-ISAC)
Corso Stati Uniti 4, 35127 Padova, Italy
Phone +39 049 8295906



Federico Nogara
DG Research & Innovation, Unit 1.3
CDMA 03/058
Rue du Champ de Mars, 21
B-1049 Brussels
Telephone: +32-2-298 46 50
Telefax: +32-2-295 05 68